Everything in this universe is created matter including the living beings. Matters are available in three different states solid, liquid, and gaseous. Students studying physics and chemistry are often given task and assignments on the properties matter. As such, the properties of a matter are a vast subject. Their properties go on changing with the changing states, i.e. solid carbon and liquid carbon do not show similar characteristics or gaseous carbon has many properties that are not visible in its solid or liquid state. So, writing science assignments or answering questions on the properties of matter require intensive knowledge on the different states of matter. BookMyEssay provides expert assistance to the students to accomplish the task and assignments on the properties of matter efficiently. The expert writers provide a complete support the students making their writing task easier and faster.
Definition of properties of a matter
Properties of a matter is a description of physical appearance and characteristics of the matter. That means, how they matter look from outside, how does it behave in a different environment or under the influence of any stimulus, and how does it affect other matters in the universe.
For example, ice is the solid state of water. One molecule of ice is constituted of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen. The density of ice is 0.9167g/cu.cm. The volume of ice is more than the same quantities of water, i.e. on solidification, the volume increases. Water solidifies at 4-degree centigrade.
Common Properties of the Three States of Matter
Common properties of solids
Following are the most common properties of solids:
- A matter in the solid state does not change in shape and size, it happens because the inter-molecular bonds in the solid state are much stronger than in the other states.
- In the solid state, a matter can’t move around unless and until an external force is applied.
- Every solid particle has its specific melting point. It is the temperature at which the solid transforms into aliquid.
- In the solid state, the molecules cannot move out on their own, they can just vibrate staying within their limitations.
Common properties of liquids
Following are the common properties of liquids:
- A matter in the liquid state can change its size and shape, it can take the shape of the container where it is kept.
- Every liquid has a specific boiling point at which it completely transforms into a gas.
- Every liquid has surface tension.
- The molecules in a liquid can change their positions constantly. They are moving randomly but within a limited area.
Common properties of gasses
Following are the common properties of gasses:
- A matter in the gaseous state has no size or shape. The inter-molecular bond is almost zero.
- The molecules can move freely.
- Each gas can liquefy at a certain temperature.
Apart from the common properties, each state of matter has some unique properties which the students need to know elaborately to write an assignment or answer a question on this subject efficiently.
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